Video compression schemes in which every frame is intra-frame (I-frames) compressed, i.e. individually defined and does not depend on any other frames for decoding. There are no P (predictive) or B (bi-directional) frames in such compression schemes. This is considered preferable for studio use as edits can be made on any frame boundaries without involving any processing beyond decoding the individual frames.
All DV compression is I-frame only. MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 with a GOP of 1 is I-frame only. For example these are used in Sony’s IMX VTRs and HDCAM SR respectively. JPEG 2000 as used in DCI cinema is I-frame only.