A high-speed digital subscriber line (DSL) standard for short local loops (the connection between the customer’s premises and the telecom’s network) that is expected to deliver from 150 Mb/s up to 1 Gb/s data rates over copper, and is slated as matching fiber at distances up to 400 metres. This means that many consumers can receive fast internet without running fiber to the house. The protocol is defined in Recommendation ITU-T G.9701. Such data rates are ample to support live 4K and even 8K UHD streaming to viewers’ homes. The first consumer installations of this technology are expected in late 2015.